5 Type of Asphalt Shingle Roof

Because of their low cost, efficient functionality, and durability, asphalt shingle roof becomes the most popular roofing material in the United States. There are a lot of different types for asphalt shingle roof and it is not a surprise that all of them are easy to install and accessible. So, by getting the correct type and with the right roofing contractor, your roof can attain a lifespan of up to 40 years considering the right amount of maintenance. This indicates choosing the best type for your roof is very important.

What are Asphalt Shingle Roof and How Do They Work?

Its varieties are often constructed from a mixture of asphalt, granules, sealants, fiberglass, and release film. Color variation and UV protection are provided by the granules applied to it. Glass fibers are usually bound with stable resin to reinforce and provide durability to it, while the asphalt allows for water resistance. Asphalt shingle roof are typically made up of three layers: a base mat, a waterproofing asphalt layer, and a layer of ceramic granules.

There are many different types available now in various sizes, colors, and styles to meet various climates and home demands. Ever since its introduction in the United States in the early 90s, that many types have substantially improved. Today, most homeowners in need of new roofs will find them ideal.

Types of Asphalt Shingle Roof

Even though all of these it are made of similar materials, well they are not identical. Here’s a summary to assist you figure out which asphalt roofing shingles work best for your home.

Fiberglass Asphalt Shingle Roof 

Many contractors use fiberglass asphalt because it delivers strength and longevity since a fiberglass mat reduces the amount of asphalt required. Fiberglass asphalt shingle roof have a waterproof asphalt coat over a fiberglass base. A layer of ceramic granules is applied to provide UV protection to your roof. Here are some of its advantages:

  • It has a unique appearance
  • High fire resistance
  • Thinner and lighter
  • Effective in terms of energy usage
  • Various hues
  • Long-term guarantee

Fiberglass Asphalt Shingle Roof

Source of the picture: fiberglass-shingles.jpg (1000Ă—665) (modernize.com)

3-Tab shingles 

Often known as “strip shingles”, they acquire their name from the manner they are cut and installed. They seem flat when installed, giving your roof a slate appearance. They are the simplest type of shingle, consisting of a single layer of asphalt split into strips. Because 3-tab shingles are constructed from a single strip, they are lighter and less expensive than the other types.

A 3-tab shingle roof is predicted to last 18-20 years on average. When it comes to price, some 3-tab shingle roofing might cost as little as $0.90 per square foot. The disadvantage of 3-tab shingles is that they have fewer stylistic alternatives and are more likely to fly off than the other types.

3-Tab shingles

Source of the picture: Understanding the Life Expectancy of 3 Tab Shingles in Tulsa OK | Ranger Roofing (rangerroofingok.com)

Organic Asphalt Shingle Roof

Organic asphalt, like fiberglass asphalt, is polished with ceramic granules. It differs from fiberglass because organic asphalt contains around 40% more natural asphalt. Organic asphalt, commonly known as “old school”, is made up of single layers of recycled paper or wood fiber. Prior to getting coated with sticky asphalt, the paper is saturated in asphalt to make it waterproof. Organic asphalt is still used on some roofs today, but it is no longer manufactured. The following are some of the reasons:

  • Can warp more easily
  • It’s thicker than fiberglass.
  • Not as long-lasting as other shingles
  • Higher absorbency
  • Higher cost


Organic Asphalt Shingle Roof

Source of the picture: 3 Major Benefits of Organic Mat-Based Shingles – Lumen Construction Roofing

Dimensional Shingles ­

This is the most common asphalt shingle roof, also known as “architectural shingles“. Because they can be made to seem like high-end materials like wood, they are characterized as the “designer.”, thus increasing your home’s curb appeal. Architectural shingles do not have the cutouts as three-tab shingles have. Instead, an asphalt layer is coated between them. They are given two or more layers during manufacture to give the final roof a thicker, multi-dimensional appearance.

Dimensional shingles have the downside of being heavier than 3-tab shingles, which means they contribute additional weight to your roof. Additionally, While the joined layers of this design provide excellent waterproofing, architectural shingles aren’t the ideal choice for low-sloped roofs because they perform poorly in windy conditions and have a significant risk of water penetration. However, because of their double layers, they are more durable.

Here’s most of what you need to know about architectural shingles:

  • Waterproofing is excellent.
  • Curling resistance
  • Life expectancy is 20–50 years.
  • Three-tab is pricier.
  • Wind gusts of up to 130 miles per hour are possible.
  • Hide flaws in the roof
  • Long warranties of up to 50 years are available.
  • Dimensional appearance

Dimensional Shingles

Source of the picture: What Are Architectural Shingles? | Roof Wolf

Luxury Shingles 

These are the highest quality of asphalt shingle roof, also known as “premium shingles.” They provide the most accurate representation of wood shake and slate roofing while being far less expensive than those roofing kinds. These laminated asphalt shingle roof stand out for their design and usefulness, providing exceptional weather protection while also giving your property a gorgeous appeal. They’re functional, dimensional, and also come in a variety of colors. They’re also the most durable asphalt shingle roof option.

The biggest disadvantages are their weight (they are twice as heavy as 3-tab shingles) and price. Though what is the benefit of carrying that extra weight? Extra toughness to withstand tearing and impacts! If you live in a tornado, hurricane, or hail-prone area, this is very useful. This premium asphalt shingle roof type can last 25-30 years and is the most costly asphalt shingle roof on the market.


Luxury Shingles

Source of the picture: Luxury Shingles Orlando FL | The Home Builder’s Network (myhomebuildersnetwork.com)

Should You Get Asphalt Shingle Roof?

Asphalt shingle roof can be cleaned to prevent algae growth, withstand hail damage, and even cool your home. Certain varieties of asphalt shingle roof might also help you save money on your insurance. This is all about evaluating cost, performance, and aesthetics when picking the best asphalt shingle roof for your home and when you’re ready to acquire quotations from a professional roofing contractor.

Asphalt shingle roof is an excellent option for homeowners looking for a cost-efficient, yet effective and resilient roofing solution. Asphalt shingle roof are available in a wide range of shapes and designs, allowing homeowners with a specific concept or a unique home design to select a roof that suits them.

Contact us, EcoShield Roofing for professional guidance on your roofing job if you’re interested in learning more about the different varieties of asphalt shingle roof. We’re here to assist you, whether you need a roofing quote or have concerns about which asphalt shingle roof is ideal for you.

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Author: William Sessions

William Sessions started a roofing business in 2018 with a mission to create high-quality roofs for Winston-Salem and surrounding areas. He did jobs for Safeco, Liberty Mutual, All-State, and Nationwide for two years. In that experience, he learned how to properly inspect for Hail, Wind and other damages to shingles that would impact insurance claims. After that, he started his own family business and proudly served roofing service in North Carolina. He leverages his roofing knowledge and provides useful insights through blogs on ecoshieldnc.com